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Sunday, December 7, 2008

Ruling, virtues and wisdom of Udhiyah

Fatwa on Eid Sacrifice...

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

"al-udhiya" Eid sacrifice is a Sunnah of Islam recommended for any Muslim who is able to do it. This is the opinion of the majority of the scholars of Islam.

It is also one of the good deeds of Islam as 'Aisha narrated from the Prophet as saying: "No son of Adam has done any deed on the Day of Immolation more likable to Allah than shedding blood (slaughtering the Eid sacrifice). So be pleased with it".

Most scholars believe that slaughtering the Eid sacrifice is better than giving its value as alms. The sacrificed animal should be from the livestock (cows, camels, sheep, goats). As for the prevailing view in this concern might be that the sheep and goats are the best animals for the sacrifice because the Prophet never slaughtered on the Eid sacrifice but these kinds of animals. But the camels, the cows and the buffaloes could all be slaughtered as Eid sacrifices.

The Eid sacrifice should be in a good state and fat enough so that its meat could be eaten as this is a symbol of Allah. And Allah Says (Interpretation of meaning): (And whosoever honours the symbols of Allah, then it is truly from the piety of the heart) .[22:32].

The Eid sacrifice should be more than six months old if it is a sheep as narrated by Ibn Majah in a Hadith traceable in ascending order to The Prophet as saying: "Only a Jaz'a of sheep can suffice as Eid sacrifice'' and the Jaz'a is the sheep that is at least six months old. As for Eid sacrifice from the goats, it should be at least one year old. The cow, if chosen to be Eid sacrifice, two years old. But the camel should not be less than five years old".

On the other hand, one should avoid making sacrifice with a defective animal. Al-Bara Ibn Azib said the Prophet stood before us and said: "Four (kinds of animals) are not sufficient in the sacrifices: The one-eyed whose loss of one eye is evident, and the sick whose sickness is evident ,the limp whose limpness is evident and the skinny one which has no flesh on it". [al-Bukhari].
The majority of scholars are agreed that the four defects that are mentioned in the previous Hadith could be taken as a reference for other kinds of defects. So any defect that is equal to one of them or worse than it makes the sacrifice invalid like (the blind or one which lacks one foot).
The castrated animal can suffice because the Prophet Muhammad (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) made Eid sacrifice with two castrated rams.

Also the sheep that was born without a fat tail or which has at least half of its fat tail can suffice as Eid sacrifice. But the sheep whose fat tail was completely cut off does not suffice.
One sheep or one goat is sufficient as Eid sacrifice for the man as well as his own family. It is also lawful for 7 people to slaughter one cow as Eid sacrifice. Jaber Ibn Abdullah said: " In the year of Hudaibiya, we along with Allah's Messenger, sacrificed a camel for seven persons and a cow for seven persons". Narrated by Muslim.

The participant among the seven involves his family with him because the seventh here is the same as a sheep or a goat.

The time for slaughtering it is after the Adha prayer and slaughtering it before the prayer does not suffice as the Prophet said: " The first (act) with which we start our day (the day of 'Id-ul Adha) is that we offer prayer. We then return and sacrifice the animals and he who does that in fact has adhered to our Sunnah (practice). And he who slaughters the (animal on that day before the 'Id prayer), for him (the slaughtering of animal is directed to the acquiring of) meat for his family, and there is nothing of the sort of sacrifice in it".

He also said: " He who sacrifice the (animal) before offering (Eid) prayer, he should offer again in its stead, and he who did not sacrifice the animal should slaughter it by reciting "the name of Allah".

It is likable for one to witness slaughtering his sacrifice or to slaughter it himself and to divide it into three parts. He eats one third with his family, he gives out one third as alms and one third as gifts as the Prophet said to his daughter Fatima: " Be present when your Eid sacrifice is slaughtered. Allah forgives you as the first drop of its blood comes out". Narrated by al-Bayhaqi ' and Abdul Razaq in their collections of Hadith.

He should also say when slaughtering it, "Bismillah, O Allah! It is from Your favor and for You".
Allah knows best.


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